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March 13, 2012 Print

Sexual Behaviors Associated with HIV-AIDS

by Chad Hills

One in every 139 women will be diagnosed with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection at some point in her lifetime, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). March 10th is designated as National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day. Outside of a committed, monogamous, heterosexual marriage, sexual activity puts women and men at risk for HIV. According to the CDC, the only 100-percent effective way not to get HIV is:

Don’t have sex. Abstaining from sex means not having any type of sex at all—oral, anal, or vaginal. Abstinence is 100% effective in preventing sexual transmission of HIV.

And, if you are married, then remain faithful to your spouse. Choices matter. The healthiest way to avoid any sexually transmitted infections/diseases (STIs/STDs), including HIV, is to wait until you are married to a person who has made the same choice in life. If he or she has been sexually active in previous relationships, wait at least six months and test for HIV and other STIs. In contrast to an increasingly popular belief, currently, there is no cure or vaccine for HIV/AIDS. Great  efforts are being madeto find a vaccine and prolong the lives of HIV-infected people, but once you have been infected with HIV, it will likely lead to the condition known as AIDS, for which there is no cure at this time. Here’s a brief summary of CDC charts showing various sexual behaviors associated with the incidence of HIV infections in the United States as of 2009:

  • The number of men infected with HIV is three times higher than HIV-positive women (males 77%, females 23%).
  • HIV infection is most prevalent among the 13-29 year-old population (39%).
  • Black/African-American males and females carry the highest burden of HIV infection (males 46%, females 65%) of any ethnic group.
  • Male-to-male sexual contact is responsible for 74% of all reported male HIV infections.
  • Heterosexual contact is responsible for 85% of all reported female HIV infections.
  • White Men who have sex with men (MSM) is the group maintaining the highest number of new HIV infections in the U.S., followed closely by Black/African-American MSM.
  • States in southern U.S. and along the eastern coast have highest rates of HIV infection among young adults, ages 20-24.

HIV Infection - Males 77% - Females 23%

HIV Infection - highest among ages 13-29 yrs.

HIV Infection by age, 2009

Heterosexual contact - leading cause - HIV infection in females

Black/African-Americans - Highest incidence HIV infection

Sexual Behaviors with most HIV infections

White and Black MSM - Majority of HIV infections

MSM - HIV infection by race-ethnicity

HIV Infections 20-24 yrs - majority in south and east U.S.

[Download a PDF of all charts]

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  • March 16, 2012 at 5:15 pm, Anonymous said:

    Thanks for sharing your thoughts, Chinaman. I couldn’t agree with you more.

    How much money will we pour into treating symptoms – or the fruit – of poor behavior and bad choices until we start facing the root cause: behavior. Good choices, particularly with sexuality among teens and young adults, are difficult to make. We need to make up our minds and set appropriate boundaries far in advance of the first date.

    And true love cares for the well-being of the other person, not your own gratification or pleasure. True love is sacrificial. But those who know how to truly love someone else, also know that love reciprocates – or comes back to you.

    Today, having casual sex – condom or no condom – is like playing Russian Roulette. Eventually, if not the first time, you’ll pay the price. And HIV infection is not the price anyone wants to pay.

    Thanks for sharing!

  • March 16, 2012 at 5:37 pm, Anonymous said:

    Hi, Steve!

    Whoa, is marriage ‘just a piece of paper’? Or is it more?

    I have a hunch that you and I will have agree to disagree on this, but here are some of my thoughts on marriage (and you can see more about Focus on the Family’s view on marriage and same-sex marriages here http://www.citizenlink.com/2010/06/15/focus-on-the-familys-position-statement-on-same-sex-marriage-and-civil-unions/ ).

    This is a lifelong commitment between one man and one woman to remain faithful, regardless the circumstances, illnesses or whatever life brings. Basically, they are saying, “I will love you and be committed to you forever.” They make this oath or covenant before their friends, family and God – and on paper, for state and federal legal records.

    The “paper” or marriage license tells the state and federal governments that two responsible people (hopefully this is the majority of those who have a sincere marriage ceremony) have decided to work as a team, raise a family and contribute to society. Marriage is the basic building blog – the cornerstone, if you will – of societal growth and stability. Without healthy marriages, our society and nation is crippled. Indeed, this is a battle we are fighting today. In the past, governments have honored marriage as a stabilizing factor, and government has given married couples more responsibility along with more privileges.

    Back to your comparison, living together is not the equivalent of a committed marriage, as either person can leave the relationship at will – without any responsibility or repercussions. This is not true love or true commitment, and it’s fornication or sexual sin in God’s eyes, according to the Bible. So, yes, the marriage license  – or ‘piece of paper,’ as you call it – symbolizes an important and enduring relationship, which is foundational to both family and society.

    As always, good to hear your challenges, Steve!

  • March 25, 2012 at 7:50 am, susan said:

    Thank you for making the truth about the real health risks of HIV available.
    Why Canada’s medical system continues to ignore the facts, on one hand, 
    while governments continue to promote homosexuality and promiscuity in our public schools ignoring the health riskson the other is beyond me.  Do our children not have a right to the truth?

    Just one of the deceptions of our age I guess

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